Probiotics are able to microorganisms that are beneficial to health when consumed. The benefits to health attributed to bacterial probiotics have been discussed (Reference: Lactobacillus Molecular Biology: is slim tea effective for weight loss (click the following webpage) From Genomics to Probiotics ISBN: 978-1-904455-41-7). Several preparations that contain probiotic yeast cells are commercially available. The beneficial effects of strains of yeast including Saccharomyces boulardii are well documented. Probiotic yeast cells provide nutritive value and are resistant to passage through the stomach and intestine. Furthermore they are resistant to many antibiotics so that they might be utilized in patients receiving antibiotic treatment. A recently available review about the consequences of Saccharomyces boulardii on gastrointestinal diseases was published in the journal Current Issues in Molecular Biology. (Zanello et al Curr. Problems. Mol. Biol. 11: 47-58)
Health benefits attributed to probiotics include the treatment and the prevention of gastrointestinal diseases, urinary and vaginal infections & allergies. The yeast Saccharomyces boulardii continues to be referred to as a biotherapeutic agent since many clinical trials displayed its helpful effects in the prevention as well as the therapy of intestinal infections and in the repairs and maintenance of inflammatory bowel disease.
All these diseases are characterized by acute diarrhoea. Administration of the yeast along or not with an antibiotic therapy was shown to decrease significantly the duration as well as the frequency of diarrhoea. Experimental studies elucidated partly the molecular mechanisms that really helped enhance the wellbeing of the patient. The discovery of its immuno-modulatory and anti-inflammatory activities in correlation with the advancements in the understanding of mucosal immunology opens a brand new area of perspectives within Saccharomyces boulardii therapeutic applications.